Diseases of the Foot
Corn (Helomas)

Corns are caused when the normal physiological process of the skin is disturbed owing to pressure or friction; the cells are subjected to a squeezing against resistant tissues below such as over a bony area. At this point, the body will produce greater number of cells to protect that area. This causes a build up of cells to protect that area therefore it grows thicker and thicker, becoming solid, which then rests on the nerves and cause pain.


There are five different kinds of corns and are usually given according to appearance, position and texture.

  1. Hard Corns (Heloma Durum)
    These corns are normally found under the foot, the side of the foot and the tip of the toes.
  2. Soft Corns (Heloma Molle)
    A soft corn is found between the toes. The first indication is a burning sensation in the area, usually followed by a formation of a blister. This area is kept moist by the perspiration and a soft corn is the result. A fully developed one will produce a sensation of a small stone or a few grains of sand between the toes. Found between the fourth and the fifth toes. These corns are notoriously painful.
  3. Vascular Corns (Heloma Vasculare)
    Vascular corns are seen as an overgrowth of the skin tissues in which enlarged and elongated blood vessels are to be found. This growth is usually found under the foot.
  4. Seed Corns (Heloma Miliare)
    These corns are the size of a pinhead and can be either in small groups or singly. They can also develop under the nail and cause considerable pain
  5. Neuro-Vascular Corns
    Similar to vascular corns, but with this one-nerve endings as well as blood vessels are involved in the growth. When they are fully developed, they become transparent with clearly visible zigzag lines with.

To understand the circumstances under which corns are most liable to form, it is necessary to consider the effects produced on the toes by the pressure of the shoes. The small toe is usually pushed from its position so that it rests underneath the fourth toe, and corns are formed.

The use of many so-called corn pastes, acids and drugs is to be deplored, as it will readily be seen that no external application can be made on any hard corneous surfaces, without injuring the surrounding tissues, and destroying the natural process of rebuilding of cells at the affected part. A corn has no root as is generally understood, it does not grow like a plant. If the primary causes of corns are not removed e.g. pressure and friction from without, the corn is quite likely to form in the same place again. You need to look at the foot wear.

Corns can only be treated by someone who is medically qualified to do so. Get medical aide because you could become infected.