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Retinal Screening

Retinal Screening

If you have diabetes, you are at risk for diabetic eye disease, which is a group of eye problems that can damage the eyes and lead to vision loss or even blindness. These eye problems include:

Damage to the blood vessels in the retina. Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in adults

Clouding of the lens of the eye.

Increase in fluid pressure inside the eye that leads to optic nerve damage and loss of vision

What Are the Symptoms
of Diabetic Retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy is the most common of the diabetic eye diseases. It often has no early symptoms; however, the disease often progresses unnoticed until it affects vision. Bleeding from abnormal retinal blood vessels can cause the appearance of “floating” spots. These spots sometimes clear on their own. Vision loss usually cannot be restored but that vision loss can be prevented or minimized with early detection.

Visit your eye health professional as soon as
possible if you notice:

Dark spots in the field of vision
Blurred and distorted or double vision
Lines or cobwebs that move across your field of vision

What Are the Symptoms
of Diabetic Retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy is the most common of the diabetic eye diseases. It often has no early symptoms; however, the disease often progresses unnoticed until it affects vision. Bleeding from abnormal retinal blood vessels can cause the appearance of “floating” spots. These spots sometimes clear on their own. Vision loss usually cannot be restored but that vision loss can be prevented or minimized with early detection.

Visit your eye health professional as soon as
possible if you notice:

Dark spots in the field of vision
Blurred and distorted or double vision
Lines or cobwebs that move across your field of vision

How to Manage your Diabetes?

The risk of developing Diabetic Retinopathy can be reduce by knowing your diabetes ABCs. Talk to your health care team about how to manage your A1C, Blood pressure, and Cholesterol. This can help lower your chances of having a heart attack, stroke, or other diabetes problems.

The A1C is a blood test that measures your average blood sugar level over the past three months. It is different from the blood sugar checks you do each day.

Blood pressure is the force of your blood against the wall of your blood vessels.

There are two kinds of cholesterol in your blood: LDL or “bad” cholesterol can build up and clog your blood vessels. It can cause a heart attack or stroke. HDL or “good” cholesterol helps remove the “bad” cholesterol from your blood vessels

Can Diabetic Retinopathy be
treated?

Vision loss as a result of Diabetic Retinopathy cannot be restored. Early detection leads to early treatment. Treatment is often successful and can prevent vision from getting worse. Treatment options vary for each patient, so it is important that you discuss your options with your eye health professional. The two most common forms of treatment for Diabetic Retinopathy are: LASER: This treatment seals blood vessels and stops them from leaking. Generally, laser treatment is used to stabilized vision, not necessarily to improve it. VITRECTOMY: If blood has leaked into the centre of the eye the vitreous gel get must be removed. A Vitrectomy is a surgical procedure that removes the vitreous gel and replaces it with saline solution.